Cancer is a disorder that occurs when the body’s cells multiply uncontrollably. Lung cancer occurs when cancer begins in the lungs. Lung cancer starts in the lungs and can expand to the lymph nodes or other organs, including the brain. Cancer from many other parts can grow to the lungs as well.
Types of Lung cancer
The most prevalent types of lung cancer develop directly in the lungs. Other, less typical kinds of cancer can develop in the lungs and chest.
Nodules in the Lungs
Lung nodules are tiny tissue lumps. They could be harmless, have abnormal cells, or spread tumours from other body parts. Larger nodules are more likely to be malignant than smaller ones. Lung nodules are frequently discovered while testing a person for irrelevant symptoms like stomach pain or an infection.
Mesothelioma is a severe disease of the lining chest that is generally caused by asbestos exposure. It causes around 5% of all lung cancer cases. Mesothelioma develops over a lengthy period, ranging from 30 to 50 years between asbestos exposure and cancer development—most people who develop mesothelioma work in environments where they inhale silica dust. When mesothelioma is detected, it is staged, which informs the patient and doctors about the size of the tumour and where it has spread further than the site of origin.
Lung Cancer (Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer)
The most frequent type of lung cancer is non-small cell lung cancer. Small-cell cancer develops and distributes more gradually. The three primary types of non-small cell lung cancer are called after the cells that make up the tumour:
- Adenocarcinoma is the most prominent kind of lung cancer in the United States, and it typically develops in the lungs’ outer layers. It is also the most frequent type of lung cancer among non-smokers.
- Enormous cell carcinomas are tumours that have giant, abnormal-looking cells. These tumours can start within the lungs and grow swiftly.
- Epidermoid carcinoma is another name for squamous cell cancer. It frequently starts in the arteries near the centre of the lungs.
Surgery is performed to expose cell lung tumours that have not moved beyond the lung. Surgery may be performed in addition to chemotherapy and radiation in more advanced tumours.
Lung Cancer with Small Cells
Cigarette smoking is responsible for nearly all forms of small-cell lung cancer. It is a rapidly spreading disease that expands faster than other types of lung cancer. Small-cell lung cancer is classified into two types:
- Cancer of the small cell (oat cell cancer)
- Combined small cell cancer
Tumours of the Chest Wall
Chest wall tumours are uncommon. Tumours in the chest wall, like other tumours, can be either cancerous or benign. Cancerous tumours must be treated. Benign tumours will be treated based on their location and the signs they cause. If a tumour lies against a lung, for example, causing a patient to be unable to breathe, it must be addressed as soon as possible.
Metastases occur when cancer cells travel from one tissue to another. Lung cancer is often classified into small and non-small cells (including adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma). These forms of lung cancer development are handled in different ways. Non-small cell lung cancer outnumbers small cell lung cancer.